Using Automatic Camera ModesJesse
Even a more advanced photo situation – like this long exposure in nighttime lighting – doesn’t always have to be set up manually. Understanding your camera’s automatic settings is helpful; it saves you work, and allows you to make the most of your hardware. In this tutorial you will learn about the most common automatic camera modes of digital cameras.
The most common automatic camera modes are:
- Full Auto Mode: Automates shutter speed, focus, flash, etc. Great for amateurs and candid shots.
- Portrait Mode: Sets aperture to soften background and make subject stand out.
- Landscape Mode: Sets aperture to focus on entire scene, from foreground to horizon.
- Close-up Mode: Sets wide aperture to soften background and emphasize subject.
- Sport Mode: Sets shutter speed as fast as possible to capture motion.
- Night Portrait Mode: Turns on flash and reduces shutter speed to capture more detail and color.
- Night Landscape: Reduces shutter speed to increase detail and color.
- No Flash Mode: Disables flash.
Advanced Modes include:
- Aperture Priority Mode: Automatically selects shutter speed based on aperture.
- Shutter Priority Mode: Automatically selects aperture value based on shutter speed.
- Manual Mode: Leaves everything under manual control.
- Program Mode: Shutter Speed and Aperture are adjusted simultaneously. Flash and focus are manual, but other settings are automatic.
- Creative Auto Mode: Photographer controls picture style, drive, and RAW vs. JPEG. Everything else is automatic.
- Bulb Mode: Keeps shutter open as long as shutter button is pressed.
Click on the photos below to see examples of automatic camera modes in Rob’s photos.
Welcome to this tutorial on how to use your Automatic Camera Modes! Even a more advanced photo situation like this long exposure in night time lighting doesn’t always have to be set up manually. Understanding your cameras automatic settings is helpful; it saves you work, and allows you to make the most of your hardware.
On most cameras, both SLR and compact, there is a set of auto options that will give you the ability to quickly set the camera to shoot a specific type of scenario. Using these modes automatically adjusts settings like aperture, shutter speed and focus to best suit the scene you are trying to capture. Along with these basic settings the camera may also apply some digital processing to enhance colors or soften skin tones.
The control for these options is usually located on a dial on the top of the camera but may also be menu driven. The names and options for auto shooting modes vary from one make of camera to another. Consult your manual for the specifics for your camera. Usually an icon on the dial will simply be a simplified picture of the kind of photo you wish to take.
These options are great for the amateur who is not yet familiar with the technical aspects of photography or even for more experienced photographers when they need to quickly take a shot and don’t have enough time to set the camera to the proper settings.
Common Shooting Modes
This is a great mode for a wide variety of situations. The camera will adjust all settings: Focus, aperture, shutter speed, flash and many others. You will have no options for adjusting any of these on their own however, so if you want to turn off the flash or use manual focus for example you will not have those options. Great for the inexperienced photographer, a pro in a hurry or most candid shots.
This mode will select the optimal aperture value to best soften the background of your portrait. This places more emphasis on your subject. Skin tones may also be digitally softened to give a more flattering look to the person you are photographing.
This mode is great for landscapes and wide scenery shots. The camera will set the aperture to allow for sharp focus from the farthest to the closest parts of the photo. The flash will be deactivated to prevent illumination of the foreground and because a small on camera flash is useless for lighting the large areas of a landscape photograph. Color may also be enhanced, usually in the blue and green areas to give a more vivid feel to the photo. Some digital sharpening may also be applied.
Close Up Mode
Close up mode is for pictures of flowers, insects or any other small subject matter that requires you to get in close. This will select an wide aperture that will soften the background, placing emphasis on the subject.
This mode is best used for any scene in which fast action is happening.In order to capture very sharp images and to freeze the action, the camera will automatically select the fastest shutter speed possible.
This mode is used for portrait shots at night or in low light situations. The flash is activated to illuminate your foreground subject matter and a slightly slower shutter speed is selected to help bring out details in the background that cant be illuminated by the flash. This provides a nice balance between foreground and background, preventing the shot from being a bright shot of your subject in front of a black background. A tripod will help in this mode due to the slower shutter speed but is not totally necessary.
This mode will select slow shutter speeds to allow enough light into the camera in a dark situation. A tripod is recommended to reduce blur from camera shake. If no tripod is available try bracing the camera against something solid. The flash will be deactivated in this mode.
This mode will deactivate the flash and is best suited for situations where no flash photography is permitted (Museums or sometimes weddings for example). Some photographers will prefer to use this mode to avoid the sometimes harsh look of a flash. This allows the natural light to be used instead but may result in long exposures that will require a tripod to reduce blur from camera shake.
Along with these options is another set of automatic modes that are a little more advanced. These allow for some assistance from the camera but still allow the photographer to have control over other settings to best achieve the look they are going for. These can be very handy for situations in which things are happening fast and you may miss a shot trying to adjust every setting manually.
The manual mode is best suited for the more experienced photographer that is very familiar with their camera. All settings, shutter speed, aperture, focus, ISO etc. are handled by the photographer. This mode can be used for any kind of photography but requires that the photographer has a good understanding of how all of the camera settings are used in a wide variety of situations.
Aperture Priority functions much like manual mode but will automatically select the optimal shutter speed to match the aperture setting selected by the photographer. This allows you to concentrate on controlling depth of field without worrying about shutter speed.
Shutter Priority allows the photographer to adjust shutter speed but will automatically select the best aperture setting. This is good for shooting scenes with a lot of action in them by allowing you to easily capture sharp images of fast moving subjects with a fast shutter speed or to create a blurred look to a photo with a slow shutter speed.
Program mode is somewhat like a combination of the auto and manual modes.
Shutter speed and aperture are selectable but will both be adjusted simultaneously based on the scene being photographed. Flash and auto or manual focus are still in the hands of the photographer but most other settings will be decided by the camera.
Creative Auto Mode
Shutter speed and aperture are automatically selected but manual control is available over settings like picture style, motor drive, Raw or JPEG. All other settings are handled by the camera.
This allows manual control over all settings but will keep the shutter open for as long as the button is pressed. This allows for long exposures for night or fireworks shots or creative blurring effects. Generally a tripod is required and a remote control or use of the timer function can help prevent blur from camera shake.
Some cameras will allow you save various camera configurations to one of three custom modes. Setting your camera up for various different scenarios and saving them allows for quick selection of the required settings and eliminates the need to always reconfigure your camera to suit different situations.
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